What is Zika virus disease (Zika) ?
Zika virus disease is a viral infection caused by Zika virus. The disease mostly infects the pregnant woman and caused major birth defects to new born baby. According to World health organization (WHO) prediction around four million people may be suffered from Zika virus disease in USA. Zika virus disease was officially identified in Uganda during 1947. Around 3,893 suspected cases is identified in Brazil in 2015.
Sign and Symptoms
The people infected by Zika virus won’t even know they have the disease because they won’t feel any sign & symptoms in early stage of the disease. The most common symptoms for Zika virus disease are:
- Pain in the back of the eyes
- Joint pain
- Pain in the muscles
- Loss of appetite
- Eye redness
- Skin rash
Zika virus usually infects in the blood of a person about a week or can be found longer in some cases. People very rarely die of Zika virus disease and usually they don’t get sick enough to consult a doctor or go to the hospital. The disese is also sexuially transmited form your partner during sexual intercourse.
- The symptoms of Zika virus disease are very similar to dengue and chikungunya, which rapidly spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.
- Consult a doctor if you develop the sign & symptoms mentioned above and have visited any place where Zika virus disease is found.
- If you have recently traveled that infected place, tell the doctor when and where you had traveled.
- Your doctor may prescribe some blood tests to conform whether you are infected by Zika or other similar viral infections like dengue or chikungunya.
Hyderabad- based lab Bharat Biotech claimed that they have developed world’s first Zika vaccine and it is a breakthrough in developing a vaccine to fight against the deadly Zika virus infections. Some of the effective steps you need to do like:
- Take enough rest
- Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
- Take regular medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or paracetamol to reduce your pain and fever
- Avoid taking aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) to reduce the risk of bleeding
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider before taking additional medication
- Consult with your doctor briefly before taking any additional medication for another medical condition caused by Zika virus.