About Type 1 diabetic patients and cause of the disease
Generally most of Type 1 diabetic patients are children and young adults. The most well-known name of the disease is juvenile diabetes. Type 1 diabetes patients usually face chronic conditions in which the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin. So a hormone is needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells for energy production.
As pancreas of Type 1 diabetic patients is unable to produce enough insulin, the body breaks down the starches and sugars. So we can simply say that you eat into a sugar called glucose, which it utilized for energy production of your body.
According to Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, every year there is drastical increase around 3 to 5 percentage of Type 1 diabetic patients in India. Most of the cases are identified in the age of 0 to 14 years. The most common factors for Type 1 diabetes are caused by genetic factors, environmental conditions, and defect of regulatory mechanism in immune system of our body. All the factor leads to autoimmune diseases, which is major cause of pancreatic beta cells destructions. This medical condition is known as Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and Hyperglycemia. It will be the cause of potential death, if is not treated with insulin in earlier stages.
Sign and Symptoms
The following symptoms may signs in Type 1 diabetic patients :
- Excessive thirst
- Nausea or vomiting
- Urinary bed wetting by your child
- Excessive urination
- Blurred vision
- Fast heart rate
- Weight loss
Diagnosis for Type 1 diabetic patients
Usually Type 1 diabetes patients are diagnosed through a series of medical tests. Discuss briefly about your symptoms and conditions with doctor. Your doctor will recommend you some series of tests to confirm the disease. You should make the tests quickly because Type 1 diabetes develops very rapidly. Fasting is recommended before the tests.
You are recommended to have overnight fasting before blood sugar level test. The value of less than 100 mg/dL is considered as normal. But the value of 100 mg/dL to 125 mg/dL is considered as pre-diabetes and patients with a value of 126 mg/dL or a higher are considered as Type 1 diabetic patients.
Treatment for Type 1 diabetic patients
As the body of Type 1 diabetic patients can’t produce enough insulin, need to inject insulin immediately. They also need to manage diet and regular physical exercises to keep blood sugar level within optimal range.
- Regular insulin doses : The patient must take insulin every day. The insulin dose is administered by injection and also through insulin pump. The insulin is injected through a port into the skin. It is easier for the patients than sticking themselves using a needle. It will indicate the blood sugar level higher or lower.
- Regular Diet and Exercise : The patients should eat meals and snacks to keep blood sugar level constant. Consult to a dietitian, familiar with diabetes to prepare you daily diet and food menu. Physical exercise also mediatory to maintain blood sugar level and the amount insulin is needed for your body.
- Regular Foot Care : The disease can damage the nerves in your feet. Even small cuts can spread so rapidly that can turn into deadly ulcers and infections. You should consult with your doctor about any injuries and discuss briefly before taking any medication.
Book tests online for Type 1 diabetic patients from GoPatho
- C-PEPTIDE POST PRANDIAL
- C-PEPTIDE (24-HOUR URINE)
- C-PEPTIDE FASTING
- Insulin Antibodies
- Glucose Post Prandial (PP)
- Glucose Fasting
- GLUCOSE FASTING (F)