bone diseases

Human Bone diseases

List of all human Bone diseases

There are around 206 bones in the skeleton of an adult human. At birth, its number is around 270, by adulthood some bones have fused together and decreased to 206. However during life span, we face several bone diseases. Today some tremendous and advance research are going on for the treatment of bone diseases. Here all the bone diseases are listed alphabetically so that you can get some idea about it.

Avascular necrosis (Osteonecrosis)

Avascular necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis is cellular death of bone components caused by interruption of the blood supply. The collapse in bone structure, resulting in bone damages, pain, and loss of joint functions. Generally it is a type of bone diseases involves in long bones, such as the femoral and humeral heads and the femoral condyles. It can also affect small bones of our body. Immediate treatment is required, otherwise the process almost always progressive, leading to joint damages within 5 years.

Bone spur (Osteophytes)

Osteophytes is also known as bone spurs or parrot beak. Osteophyte formation has been associated to any sequential and consequential changes in formation of bones due to factors such as aging, degeneration, mechanical instability, and disease like skeletal hyperostosis. It causes major bone damages and inflammations. The most of destruction are shown in joint’s surface area. It causes severe joint pain and restricts normal movements. Generally, asymptomatic cases cannot treated. However, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and surgery are the best option for treatment.

Craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis is a type of bone diseases to premature fusion of one or more than 6 cranial sutures, the midline metopic and sagittal sutures, and each bilateral coronal and lambdoid sutures. Generally it is signed as deformity within the first few months’ life of your baby. Craniosynostosis can be present from birth stages but can be ignored in mild cases. The premature fusion of sutures is manifested by intracranial hypertension, which is driving factor to neurocognitive development delay in children.

Coffin Lowry syndrome

Coffin Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder causes severe mental disorder sometimes associated with abnormalities of growth, cardiac, auditory and visual problems. Most of boys with Coffin Lowry syndrome have no history of the disease in their families. The cause may be for new mutations in the RPS6KA3 gene. It means neither parent has the altered gene, but it can be inherited to his children. There is no standard treatment available for the disease. However the treatment can be symptomatic, supportive, may include occupational, physical, speech therapy and educational services.

 

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