Ferritin test gopatho

Importance of Ferritin test

What is Ferritin test?

Ferritin test is crucial to determine the amount of iron in your blood. To carry oxygen to cells, iron in RBC plays an important role. By lacking of iron, RBC can’t supply enough oxygen according to your body needs. Increase in iron level also causes major problems to your body.

Ferritin is not same as iron in blood. Ferritin is a protein that stores iron and releases when your body needs it to carry oxygen. Usually Ferritin remain in blood, very little amount circulating in your blood. Ferritin contains around 20 percent of iron. The cells in liver and immune system are having greatest concentrations of ferritin. Body’s cells stores ferritin until more red blood cells are formed and it signal the cells to release ferritin. After getting signal, ferritin then binds to transferrin protein. With the help of these two protein iron is transported to newly formed RBC.

You can simply imagine that transferrin is the dedicated taxi, ferritin is the driver, and together they lift iron. By getting help from these two protein iron is able to reach its destination called newly formed RBC.

To perform ferritin test blood sample is obtained by needle from any vein in the arm. Before taking sample, patient should take 12 hours of fasting. In case, only water is permitted. Sample collection in morning time is more preferable.

Why to do Ferritin test?

You doctor may recommend ferritin test, when you are experiencing iron deficiency, or an iron overload condition. Using ferritin test total stored amount of iron is measured. It provides a clear picture about iron level in blood to your doctor. Less ferritin means low iron level, or high ferritin level means high iron level in your blood. Low ferritin level is determined based on the below sign and symptoms.

  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Chronic headaches
  • Weakness
  • Ringing sound in your ears
  • Frequent irritability
  • Pain in the legs
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • Pale skin
  • Tiredness

 

High ferritin level is determined by the bellow symptoms.

  • Pain in stomach
  • Heart palpitations
  • Pain in the chest pains
  • Unexplained weakness
  • Pain in the joints
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of sex drive

Ferritin test does not associate with serious side effects. The test requires obtaining a small sample of blood from your vain. If you have an unwanted bleeding condition or bruise easily, talk to your doctor about it. You might get some discomfort when blood is drawn from your arm. There are very rare side effects after ferritin test listed below.

  • Excess bleeding
  • Feeling faint
  • Light-headed
  • Bruising
  • Mild infection

The report for ferritin test

Low ferritin levels in a person is known iron deficient disorders. Doctor elevated it for the cases like hemochromatosis or multiple blood transfusions.  Ferritin is known an acute phase reactant. When its level increases, most patient suffer with inflammation condition, liver diseases, chronic infections, autoimmune diseases, and some cancer related conditions. Generally ferritin test is not typically used to detect these conditions.

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